*Anthony M. Cummings ( is Professor of Music and Coordinator of Italian Studies at Lafayette College. He has published many articles and monographs on Florentine and Medicean music, among them The Politicized Muse: Music for Medici Festivals, 1512–1537 (Princeton University Press, 1992), The Lion’s Ear: Pope Leo X, the Renaissance Papacy, and Music (The University of Michigan Press, 2012), and “Music for Medici Festivals: Some Additional Works Recovered,” Musica disciplina (2011).

[1] Jacopo Peri, “Le varie musiche” and Other Songs, ed. Tim Carter, Recent Researches in the Music of the Baroque Era 50 (Madison, Wisc.: A-R Editions, 1986); Carter, Jacopo Peri, 1561–1633: His Life and Works, 2 vols. (New York: Garland, 1989).

[2] Richard A. Goldthwaite, Private Wealth in Renaissance Florence: A Study of Four Families (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1968); Goldthwaite, The Building of Renaissance Florence: An Economic and Social History (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980); Goldthwaite, Wealth and the Demand for Art in Italy, 1300–1600 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993); and Goldthwaite, The Economy of Renaissance Florence (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009).

[3] The seminal title by Antonio Labriola is La concezione materialistica della storia, which has appeared in numerous editions and translations since its first publication in 1896.

[4] See Ludovico Ariosto, Cinque Canti/Five Cantos, trans. David Quint and Alexander Sheers, with an introduction by David Quint (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996), 26.

[5] R. Burr Litchfield, Emergence of a Bureaucracy: The Florentine Patricians 1530–1790 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986).